Reviewing the Business Analysis Core Concept Model (BACCM™)

The Business Analysis Core Concept Model (BACCM™) provides you with a conceptual framework that shows what it really means to be a business analyst. This framework creates a common, generic language describing the business analysis profession. You can use this common language to discuss what you do with a business analyst working in a different industry.

There are six concepts in the BACCM™: change, need, solution, stakeholder, value, and context. You need to understand all of these concepts in relation to one another to be an effective business analyst. They are the framework for a successful business analysis effort.

Change Change is the driving force for most projects and initiatives. Change takes place when one responds to satisfy a need. You need to be aware of the enterprise-level changes that will result from your project efforts and outcome.
Need Businesses and their stakeholders have needs that often result in projects. Needs are value-driven ways to address business problems or opportunities.
Solution Solutions are the end result of projects and initiatives. They resolve the problems or take advantage of the opportunities. Solutions satisfy needs within the context of the enterprise and its environment.
Stakeholder Stakeholders are the people who have a relationship to the change, need, or solution. Stakeholder analysis often groups stakeholders relative to these relationships.
Value Value is the worth of something to a stakeholder within the context of the enterprise. Business analysts assess value as a tangible or intangible thing. Business analysts should assess value from the key stakeholder’s point of view.
Context Context is the environment where the change is taking place.


The BACCM™ and its six concepts help you assess the quality and completeness of the work you are doing. As you will see, the concepts intertwine as you work through a project. A change that affects the tasks, tools, inputs, or deliverables covered by one of the concepts presents an opportunity for re-evaluation of the impact on the other five concepts. The magnitude of the change, as well as where you are in the project life cycle, determines how significant the changes may be. The effects can be felt both in your current projects and in what may need to change moving forward.

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